Family and society in the Vedic period

On the occasion of Guru Pūrṇimā, our thoughts may turn to the venerable lineages of successive teachers and students in India.  As we will see, the need to record and preserve genealogical details of family and pedagogical lineages was already recognized in India in the earliest times.  Indeed, this is very likely a continuation of the concerns of proto-Indo-European people.  For many ancient peoples, family would perhaps be the main source of personal identity, and the basis of all religious life.

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गुरु लक्ष्मीङ्कर​ की कहानी

तिब्बत और भारत के सांस्कृतिक और ऐतिहासिक सम्बन्ध​ कई प्रकार के हैं |  अतीत में, बहुत सी भारतीय साहित्यिक और आध्यात्मिक शास्त्रों को तिब्बत भेजा गया था, और उनके तिब्बती भाषा अनुवाद भी किया गया था |  इनमें से बौद्ध ग्रन्थ हैं, जैसे के नागार्जुन, शान्त​रक्षित, और कमलशील के लेखन |  साथ ही व्याकरण के शास्त्र हैं, जो तिब्बती भाषाविज्ञान का विकास को प्रेरित किया |  इसके अलावा, काव्य हैं, जैसे के कालिदास की उत्कृष्ट खण्डकाव्य ‘मेघदूत’ |

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Some Indian love poetry

Human emotions such as love, anger and sorrow have a universal dimension, affecting all peoples in all times and places similarly.  But emotions also perhaps have a specific way of emerging and manifesting themselves which perhaps varies according to contextual factors.

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Trysts by night in art and poetry

The painting above, by one of the great Indian artists of the late eighteenth century, Nainsukh, depicts such a scene.  Our paramour sneaks away from her home by night to a spot in the forest where she has arranged to meet her lover during the night, and she must be back before anyone awakes and misses her in the morning.

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Love, death and Sanskrit literature

In romantic literature across the world, we frequently read about lovers who would die rather than be apart.  In the story of Pyramus and Thisbe, Pyramus kills himself, believing Thisbe to be dead.  When Thisbe finds the dead body of Pyramus, she also kills herself.  Romeo and Juliet, based on this story, and many other tales of world literature, follow a similar pattern.

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